Charles Drew University of Medicine And Science - Division of Cancer Research And Training
About the Program

Cancer Outreach, Prevention and Control Program

The main goal of the Cancer Outreach, Prevention and Control Program is to promote cancer prevention and control among minority and socioeconomically disadvantaged populations, predominantly in the South Los Angeles area. The Program is also designed to improve the quality of life and cancer-related outcomes among members of the local community. In order to do this, it is critical to build strong community partnerships through community engagement, capacity and relationship building and knowledge transfer activities. It will focus on expanding and creating novel partnerships with provider networks, community-based organizations (CBOs), community serving agencies (CSAs), and other community stakeholders, such as churches and schools, to implement cancer control and prevention activities. The focus will be to provide knowledge transfer activities—a two-way transfer of knowledge, ideas, concerns, expertise, and results between academia, healthcare providers, lay community, government, and other stakeholders—to disseminate current evidence-based knowledge from academia to community and experience-based knowledge from community to academia. The program recognizes that true community engagement, built on strong mutual trust, depends on successful navigation of existing divisions between communities and academic medical centers, including: 1) traditional power differentials in which control and distribution of resources overwhelmingly favor the academic partner; 2) differing values and priorities; 3) inordinate and competing time demands; 4) different languages and styles of expression; 5) limited training and opportunities for academic researchers and community members to learn how to strengthen their partnering skills.  

The Specific aims of the Cancer Outreach Program are:

1.  Integrate community participation with ongoing research at UCLA and CDU.

2. Enhance community and university capacity and relationships to support cancer education, information dissemination, and cancer prevention and control.

3. Provide knowledge transfer activities to disseminate current evidence-based cancer control knowledge from academia to community and experience-based knowledge from community to academia.

4. Generate shared community partnered research projects including active engagement in research design, implementation, data analysis, manuscripts, policy recommendations, and dissemination strategies to address cancer disparities in South Los Angeles.

Community-Partnered Participatory Research:

The Cancer Outreach Prevention and Control Program will employ community-partnered participatory research (CPPR) principles, a community-academic model coined by Loretta Jones of Healthy African-American Families (HAAF), a community-serving organization; and Keith Norris at CDU. CPPR is an approach under the umbrella of community-based participatory research (CBPR), which emphasizes true equity with community input from project selection and design to implementation, data analysis, and dissemination. The  principles of CPPR are grounded in a prescribed set of guidelines for successful partnership building and community-academic collaboration and communication. Activities of CPPR ensure that the core tenets of partner equity in CBPR are embedded, as distinguished from academic-designed or community-placed research, both of which are valuable approaches but are not partner equity projects. This approach ascertains that community (lay), resident experts (such as health practitioners, ministers, teachers, etc), and academia partner in goal setting, planning, responsibility and authority, and sharing of results. The partnering processes will be used to provide cancer outreach to community, disseminate cancer research findings, and cultivate ongoing community-academic cancer research.